Bowling in Business and Politics

Nearly all the bowling alleys are going to fall in the Netherlands, a country in Europe, based on chairman Frits vehicle Dijk of the Dutch Association of Bowling Entrepreneurs (NVB). The entire business industry hopes that peace will come very shortly so that they can at the least serve good food and beverages to bowling customers again. Chairman Van Dijk states that the catering industry must start again in a way that they should not at least return to a predicament. The customers may now come back to the bowling centers but must bring their very own beverages. Customers, therefore, buy their own beverages at a snack bar alongside the bowling alley. Because of the procedures, they are banned to remain and sit there again since it was sniffed by the rats.

Can’t afford any more

Entrepreneur Monique Wirtz of Bowling Huizen does not know whether she will still manage the business in a couple of weeks. Wirtz says that if she cannot anymore provide not only food and beverages to customers or guests but also the good quality of the types of equipment in the bowling center, especially the best of the bowling balls which you can check here at https://bowlingadvisor.com/best-urethane-bowling-balls/ – she cannot further start to run the business before the year ends. She does not just have many options to deal with it.

She only has around Forty Thousand to Fifty Thousand euros of fixed monthly expenses, while only One Thousand euros just comes in. Monique hopes to finally hear the great information against her greater judgment. She says that the press discussion is extremely important for her and for the business that something or anything must actually occur rapidly, otherwise, she would not able to make it.

The support needed

Frits vehicle Dijk of the NVB is one of the many in this. “We truly need support. We have been working for eight weeks to get it. The civil service is extremely gradual, there is no movement. If I see this week that 40 to 50 million are released in a couple of days for assistance offered in the fireworks industry, then I almost explode.”

 

Politicians Are Switching To Business?

Politicians who switch to the corporate world often get negative in the news. This creates an image of ‘revolving door politicians’, without it being clear whether this is justified. This article explains what kind of Dutch ex-politicians had a great chance of ending up in the business world in the past ten years.

 

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At the beginning of 2016, VVD MP Bart de Liefde decided to continue his career as a lobbyist at the transport brokerage company Uber. A salient detail is that as a Member of Parliament two years earlier, as spokesman for Competition, he made a plea for Uber. It is not the first time that a politician has made a remarkable switch to the private sector. The best-known example in the Netherlands is Camiel Eurlings who, shortly after his departure as Minister of Transport, Public Works and Water Management, became CEO of KLM. The most striking example in 2016 at the international level was José Manuel Barroso. The former president of the European Commission found a job at Goldman Sachs in London.

Reasons to switch

Whether switching from politics to business is socially desirable is under discussion. For example, it is undesirable for a politician to do favors to a company in the hope of later getting a lucrative job in return. On the other hand, it is also undesirable if an ex-politician does not have the opportunity to use his knowledge and experience where it is best used. Mattozzi and Merlo (2008) argue that there are two types of political careers: there are people who are primarily politicians – they remain active in politics until retirement – and there are people who are active in politics for a while – they time to switch back to the private sector. According to the authors, the most skilled politicians choose to send signals about their skills to the labor market, while the least skilled politicians – due to their poor performance – are forced to leave the political sector. As a result, both the best and the worst politicians end up in the private sector, while the middle-rank in the political sector lags behind. The second reason that may play a role is a political ideology. The idea is that right-wing MPs are more often out to monetize their political careers. That taking right-wing positions is often accompanied by a greater focus on self-interest has been confirmed by, for example, Powdthavee and Oswald (2014).

Dataset and estimate

The Dutch ex-politicians in this study are all members of parliament and ministers and state secretaries who, between 2006 and mid-2016, left the House or their posts or did not return to their party’s electoral list. The ex-politicians are divided into three groups, depending on where they worked in mid-2016: in the private sector (e.g. lobbyist, entrepreneur, or consultant), in the local political sector (e.g. municipal councilor, mayor, or alderman), or other (e.g. NGO employee, teacher, pensioner). If an ex-politician has multiple jobs, including one in the private sector, he counts in this analysis as working in the private sector. For example, former Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende works as a professor at Erasmus University and as an advisor at Ernst & Young, so he is assigned to the private sector. In this study, he has been assigned to the private sector. The information for this research was obtained via the website of the Parliamentary Documentation Center, the LinkedIn site of the ex-politicians, and from various news sources. The following are included as explanatory variables: the list position (1 for the party leader, 2 for the number two, etc.) the (party) ideology on the left-right spectrum of Kieskompas (between -6.5 for a SP’er and 7 for a VVD member) and whether an ex-politician has a job history in the private sector. All regressions were also controlled for age, age squared, gender, political experience, and education level. It has been estimated with a probit model. The dataset contains a total of 150 outgoing politicians in that period. As of mid-2016, 48 of them were employed in the private sector, 61 in the political sector, and 41 others.

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